Elders and Indigenous Knowledge Keepers share the following reflections on identity, and how it is determined for Indigenous Peoples:

  • Relationship and bloodline connection to ancestors all the way back
  • Clan and clan relationship(s)
  • Spirit name
  • Connection to place (of origin)
  • Consciousness of one’s place in the world – personal connection to story of origin
  • Recognition of inherent talents (gifts)
  • Ability to communicate in one’s original language
  • Embracing one’s Indigenous connection, self-acceptance, and pride
  • Sense of belonging – one’s connection to a story, a history, and a greater family.


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